Is it normal for gums to recede?No.
What Causes Gum Recession?It is thought to be caused by a combination of improper tooth brushing and stress on the tooth from hard biting or tooth clenching.Other causes can be attributed to crooked teeth out of position. There is a genetic tendency as well causing some people to have less attached gingiva (the gum tissue at the base of the tooth most resistant to receding). In addition some areas of the mouth may have muscle attachments from the lips that pull on the gum tissue during certain movements causing recession.
Is Gum Recession Bad?yes, recession of the pink gum tissue means that the bone is also receding at least 3 mm more below the tissue. The bone is the foundation for the tooth root and when a sufficient amount is lost, the tooth can be lost as well. In addition to this, recession can lead to severe tooth sensitivity, wear or the root and cavities.A tooth root exposed by recession is also esthetically ugly as well.
Can Gum Recession be Corrected?yes. there are several grafting techniques to recover the tooth root today. These graft techniques help protect the tooth root from the return of recession and can eliminate sensitivity and improve the appearance.
|Gum Recession before After treatment|
When Should Gum Recession be Treated?In our office, we recommend treatment when:
- there is 2 mm or more of gum recession and less than 2 mm of attached gingiva
- when there is a definite frenum attachment causing the recession, the frenum needs to be treated and any recession corrected
- when the gum tissue is so thin that you can see through it
- when the recession is causing tooth root sensitivity
Is Gum Recession treatment Painful?
No .Recently new membrane technology has changed the way this procedure is done. In the past a donor site was needed which meant an area of the palate was used to take a piece of tissue from. this piece of tissue was placed on the site needing the graft. Today we use a special safe donor membrane as the basis of this procedure and the graft site heals with almost no discomfort.