4th President of the United States
(March 4, 1809 to March 3, 1817)
Nicknames: "Father of the Constitution"
Born: March 16, 1751, in Port Conway, Virginia
Died: June 28, 1836, at Montpelier, Virginia
Mother: Nelly Conway Madison
Married: Dolley Payne Todd (1768-1849), on September 15, 1794
Education: Graduated from College of New Jersey (now Princeton University; 1771)
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
- Madison allows 20-year charter of Bank of the United States to lapse.
- William Henry Harrison fought Indians led by Chief Tecumseh at Tippecanoe, near Indianapolis, November 7.
- War declared on England on June 18 after England continued to attack U.S. ships headed to France.
- Madison reelected.
- City of Washington captured and burned by British, August 24.
- Francis Scott Key observed flag over Fort McHenry at Baltimore, September 14, inspiring him to write "The Star-Spangled Banner".
- Treaty of Ghent ended War of 1812 on December 24, but fighting continued.
- Andrew Jackson defeated British at New Orleans January 8, after war ended.
- Second Bank of the United States chartered, April 10.
Points of Interest:
- Madison was the first president who had prior service as a congressman.
- Zachary Taylor and Madison were second cousins.
- Madison was the first president to wear long trousers. All previous presidents wore knee breeches.
- During the War of 1812 Madison was under enemy fire. He was the first president to be in that situation.
- At 5 feet, 4 inches and less than 100 pounds, he was the shortest and lightest president.
- Dolley Madison sent the first personal message using the Morse telegraph in 1844.