A Few Moments in Dental History
In ancient Egypt, Hesi-Re is the first named “dentist” (greatest of the teeth). The Egyptians bind replacement teeth together with gold wire.
The Romans use bones, eggshells and oyster shells mixed with oils to cleanse the teeth.
Christian martyr St. Apollonia, the patron saint of dentistry, is burned by the Romans after having her teeth extracted.
The first toothbrush is made in China of wild boar hair fixed to a bamboo or bone handle at a right angle.
Pierre Fauchard publishes “Treatise on the Teeth” and elevates dentistry to a new level.
The first dental college in the world, the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, is founded by Horace H. Hayden and Chapin A. Harris, professors at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.
Dentist Horace Wells discovers nitrous oxide anesthesia.
Dentist William T. G. Morton uses ether for the first time.
James B. Morrison invents the first commercially available foot-powered dental engine.
G. V. Black perfects the formulation for amalgam for dental fillings: 68% silver with small amounts of copper, tin and zinc. Expansion and contraction of fillings can now be controlled.
Grand Rapids, Michigan is the first city to fluoridate its drinking water.
Dr. John V. Borden invents the first successful air-turbine dental engine, the Airotor.
The use of sealants begins.
The FDA approved certain lasers for use on soft tissue that promise less pain, less noise and less fear in dental procedures.
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