7th President of the United States
(March 4, 1829 to March 3, 1837)
Nickname: "Old Hickory"
Born: March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaw area, on North Carolina-South Carolina border
Died: June 8, 1845, at the Hermitage in Nashville, Tennessee
Mother: Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson
Married: Rachel Donelson Robards (1767-1828), in August 1791 and in a second ceremony on January 17, 1794
Children: Andrew Jackson, Jr. (adopted)
Education: No formal education
Occupation: Lawyer, soldier
Political Party: Democrat
- Estate of James Smithson funded the establishment of the Smithsonian.
- About 2,000 of Jackson's supporters given government jobs. Jackson also set up a "kitchen cabinet" of informal advisers.
- Jackson authorizes Indian Removal Act of 1830.
- Samuel F. Smith wrote "My Country, 'tis of Thee."
- Jackson reelected.
- Jackson vetoed the rechartering of 2nd Bank leading to the creation of the Whig Party.
- South Carolina attempted to nullify federal tariff laws. Federal troops sent to South Carolina on December 10.
- U.S. became debt free (briefly) for the only time in history.
- 6000 Mexicans defeated 190 Americans in 12 days at the Alamo on March 6.
The Specie Circular ordered that gold and silver were the only currency acceptable for the purchase of federal lands, issued on July 11.
- Jackson signs Treaty of New Echota with unrecognized leaders of Cherokee Nation, which allows him to force the Cherokees to move to land in what is now Oklahoma. 4,000 Native Americans die on this journey, also known as the Trail of Tears.
- Jackson was the only president who served in both the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.
- Jackson was the only president to have been a prisoner of war. He was thirteen when he joined the South Carolina militia to fight in the Revolutionary War. After his capture, he was ordered to clean the boots of a British officer. Jackson refused. The officer then drew his sword and slashed Jackson across the forehead, leaving a scar.
- Jackson was the first president born in a log cabin.
- Jackson was involved in many duels. A duel on May 30, 1806 against Charles Dickinson was over some unflattering remarks made about Jackson's wife. In this duel Jackson was wounded. After he was hit, he took aim and fired at Dickinson. Jackson's gun misfired. As Dickinson was forced to stand his ground, Jackson took aim once again and killed Dickinson. The bullet that wounded Jackson was lodged near his heart and could not be safely removed. He carried that bullet in his chest for the rest of his days.
- Jackson was the first president to ride on a railroad train.