5th President of the United States
(March 4, 1817 to March 3, 1825)
Nicknames: "The Last Cocked Hat"; "Era-of-Good-Feeling President"
Born: April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County, Virginia
Died: July 4, 1831, in New York, New York
Mother: Elizabeth Jones Monroe
Married: Elizabeth "Eliza" Kortright (1768-1830), on February 16, 1786
Children: Eliza Kortright Monroe (1786-1835); James Spence Monroe (1799-1800); Maria Hester Monroe (1803-50)
Education: Graduated from College of William and Mary (1776)
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
- Congress fixed the number of stripes on the U.S. flag at 13 to honor the original colonies, April 4.
Anglo-American Conventionset the 49th parallel as the border with Canada.
- Florida ceded by Spain to the United States on February 22. In exchange the U.S. cancelled $5 million in Spanish debts.
- The Missouri Compromise, forbade slavery above 36 degrees 30 minutes latitude.
- On December 2, Monroe Doctrine delivered to Congress.
- Monroe was the first president to ride on a steamboat.
- At sixteen years old, Monroe attended the college of William and Mary.
- He was the first president to have been a U.S. senator.
- In the election of 1820 Monroe received every electoral vote except one. A New Hampshire delegate wanted Washington to be the only president elected unanimously.
- Monroe's inauguration in 1817 was the first to be held outdoors.
- The bride in the first White House wedding was Monroe's daughter.
- The U.S. Marine Band played at Monroe's 1821 inauguration and at every inauguration since.
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